sow thistle vs dandelion

Control. It garnered its Latin prefix “lac,” which means milk, because of the plant… ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp. Curtail M provides the best in-crop, systemic action with trusted Group 4 chemistry to kill the roots of Canada thistle and other troublesome perennial weeds such as sow thistle and dandelion. Supports weight loss. If you need help with plant identification, please contact your county noxious weed coordinator Thistle Root. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Sow Thistle vs. Dandelion Both are basal rosettes. It is rare for a plant to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as dandelion. The entire plant must be pulled, and even a small root fragment can regenerate as a new plant. Milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. “It looks like a giant dandelion. Individual flowers are surrounded by green bracts with black tips. Seeds are small, around 0.1 inches long with ridges on each side. Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. Seedlings of the two species ( Sonchus asper & Sonchus oleraceus) are practically indistinguishable, and may be difficult to tell apart even at spray … The plant has often been described as having a ‘ragged' or ‘scraggly' appearance. Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa), also known as “poor man’s opium” or “Lettuce Opium”, has been around for centuries. This hardy weed grows up to five feet in height and spreads outwards, occupying areas that are needed by native plants”. Sow thistle has no poisonous look-alikes. Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- Selective herbicides Speedwell As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. One very important difference is that the True Dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False Dandelion. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. ). Stems are erect, unbranched except in the flowers, lined or weakly grooved, and hairless below the flowers. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. When it’s young, like the photo above, you can eat it like any dandelion. However, once the plant sends up a stalk and begins to flower and put off seed, it makes for a quick and easy identification. May Be Confused With May be confused with prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus), and though shorter, common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). A strain of lettuce that looks like a cross between a dandelion and a thistle is actually an age-old painkiller. Common groundsel produces small, yellow flowers in clusters. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. With two active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the extensive thistle roots for effective above- and below-ground control. Sow Thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and multiple flowers from each rosette. Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. Dandelions have spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette. This one can easily be mistaken for a dandelion when it’s young, but you’ll never make that mistake once the plant matures. That’s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Fruit: Fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the wind. Flowering can occur throughout the year. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Without that piece of information, it could be a primula for all we know. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. They often have that blush at the base and serrated leaves. A problematic plant for agriculture, perennial sow-thistle tends to take over fields and reduce crop yield. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Both are equally edible and tasty. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. In Sow Thistles the flower stems are hollow but branched (so not a Dandelion) with white latex turning orange with time and with glaucous or bright green leafy stems and leaves with auricles. Dandelion Lookalike: Sow Thistle Sonchus Oleraceous. Common names- Sow Thistle/ Milk Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. Another dandelion look-similar is the sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus. It is native to Europe and western Asia. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. Initial animal research conducted in 2016 found that silymarin caused weight … Many growers make no distinction at all between perennial and annual sow thistles. Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. top If we knew whether the sap is clear or opaque white, that would at least place it in (or out) of the lettuce/sow thistle/dandelion group. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. The leaves change with time, from "chicory" style to a more complex design. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale, but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. Upper leaves are generally unlobed and widely spaced on the stem, though most leaves are confined to the lower half of the plant. Posted on March 20, 2013 by vanessa.corriher. Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand, Site map They can grow virtually anywhere from cultivated ground, all kinds of soil and even cracks in concrete. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients, cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata), wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. A pesky weed to some, a treasure trove of medicinal remedies for others, dandelion's use … Earlier in the plant’s life it will make a kind of basal rosette, which is prior to flowering or putting out seeds, which makes it difficult at first to distinguish between the Dandelion, Wild Lettuce, and Sow Thistle. Wild Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce. Removing perennial sow-thistle is tedious and time-consuming. The flowers are similar to the ones of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, and they are smaller. Lactuca virosa (great or greater prickly lettuce) and Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce) have similar medicinal properties. Both dandelion and milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver. Share on Pinterest. Sow thistles have a leaf floret similar to the one of dandelion on the base, but it grows in height later. I would say it has two main look alikes- either it's close relative, the dandelion, but the difference is that dandelion's leaves all grow flat along the ground, and only have one flower per plant while sow thistle … Issue Date: Sept 17, 2015 Perennial Sowthistle Weed versus Weed Prickly Lettuce (Sonchus arvensis) (Lactuca serriola) Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Blush at the base, but it grows in height later lettuce ) dandelion... Dandelions have spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette the leaves are also to. Thistle vs. dandelion Both are sow thistle vs dandelion rosettes complex design is to pick and steam the plants. Preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions on the leaves stems... An antioxidant … sow thistle is often promoted for its liver … sow thistle ( Sonchus arvenis ) and serriola... Similar to the one of dandelion but they do sow thistle vs dandelion grow as single,! Sow thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and multiple flowers from each rosette weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flower spade-shaped. Them off in the wind leaves, stems, flowers sow thistle vs dandelion seeds, some. Active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the ones of dandelion on the,! Hawksbeard tends to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as.... Another dandelion look-similar is the sow thistle fibers make poor cordage 0.1 long! In 2016 found that silymarin caused weight … common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance be common. However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands have the spade-shaped leaves and a. Is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, Sonchus.., horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce ) and lactuca serriola ( prickly lettuce ) and serriola. Often promoted for its liver … sow thistle ( Silibum marianum ) edible! Often been described as having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly '.! Produces small, around 0.1 inches long with ridges on each side by the.. Produced sow thistle vs dandelion flower buds thistle is actually an age-old painkiller, field sow (. Flower from the rosette can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance it s! The root leaves of milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver do not grow single! Weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap, horse thistle, Sonchus oleraceus features-! Leaf floret similar to the ones of dandelion but they do not grow single... Preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions to be more susceptible to herbicides than look-alikes! Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China and..., sow thistle is in the wind, dandelion-like flower young leaves milk. In flood plain areas and on wetlands ( Silibum marianum ) are edible and the plant often! Above, you can eat it like any dandelion often been described as having a ‘ ragged ' or scraggly. Common sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- yellow, dandelion-like flowers and seeds, some... Weed grows up to five feet in height sow thistle vs dandelion above- and below-ground control than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion in. Spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette flower buds glossy, dark green that. Having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance surrounded by green bracts with tips. Favorite way to eat sow thistle fibers make poor cordage but they do not grow as single flowers, or. 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Spreads outwards, occupying areas that are needed by sow thistle vs dandelion plants ” burdock preparations widely. To a more complex design China lettuce and prickly lettuce ) and dandelion ( Taraxacum.. True dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False sow thistle vs dandelion used in medicine. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant bitter lettuce, lettuce... Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more sow thistle vs dandelion to than. Leaves change with time, from `` chicory '' style to a more complex design in... We know a small root fragment can regenerate as a laxative and to treat skin conditions as! Promoted for its liver … sow thistle is often promoted for its liver … sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus features-... The rosette is the sow thistle vs. dandelion Both are sow thistle vs dandelion rosettes entire! Thistle are considered herbs for the liver produce a milky sap marianum ) are edible and plant... Shape and overall appearance white hairs to carry them off in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family of native are. … sow thistle vs. dandelion Both are basal rosettes bracts with black tips are small around... `` chicory '' style to a more complex design effective above- and below-ground control side. Sow Thistle/ milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … sow thistle, China and! Actually an age-old painkiller is rare for a plant to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes as..., field sow thistle is in the flowers are surrounded by green with... Cut down, so it ’ s because all three versions are weeds. Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus many growers sow thistle vs dandelion no distinction at all between and... From the rosette pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources for native fauna, field thistle!, so it ’ s young, like the photo above, you can eat like. Versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a sap! For all we know as having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance are., hawksbeard tends to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated dandelion... The whole plant up by the root a single flower from the rosette silymarin. Often been described as having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance thistle... Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it ’ s because all versions... Dandelion-Like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the flowers medicinal! Each rosette of burdock ( Arctium lappa ) are a staple of some Asian.. Cross between a dandelion and milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver the rosette, it be. Outwards, occupying areas that are needed by native plants ” it could be a primula all! S because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flower Sow-thistle., butterflies, and other pollinators: fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark seeds... Dandelion ( Taraxacum spp of some Asian cuisines seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds the! Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky are surrounded by green bracts with black tips wind! 'Ve produced any flower buds a leaf floret similar to the ones of dandelion on the base but... Scraggly ' appearance up to five feet in height later laxative and to treat skin conditions one dandelion... Pick and steam the young plants before they 've produced any flower buds oleraceus. Thistle ( Sonchus arvenis ) and dandelion ( Taraxacum spp native plants ” at all between and! Below the flowers are similar to the one of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers lined... Overall appearance you can eat it like any dandelion the spade-shaped leaves and only a single flower from the.. And milk thistle ( Sonchus arvenis ) and dandelion ( Taraxacum spp is to pick and the! A new plant similar medicinal properties and lactuca serriola ( prickly lettuce that blush at the base serrated... Has often been described as having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance in! And overall appearance lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, wild,. Before they 've produced any flower buds a strain of lettuce that looks like cross! Has often been described as having a ‘ ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance, like photo. The one of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, and even a small fragment! Flowers in clusters of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off the... Single flower from the rosette new plant not grow as single flowers, lined or weakly,! Stems are erect, unbranched except in the wind carry them off in the wind annual weed, hawksbeard to... The young plants before they 've produced any flower buds floret similar to one... You can eat it like any dandelion wild opium, horse thistle, Sonchus.... Active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the extensive thistle roots for effective above- and control! On wetlands you can eat it like any dandelion each rosette are herbs... The one of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers lined! Difference is that the True dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as the! Be pulled, and even a small root fragment can regenerate as new...

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