cucumber beetle damage

This dazzling duo is the reason I wasn’t able to harvest cucumbers and make pickles for several years in a row. Consult the  PNW Insect Management Handbook for recommendations. Both spotted and striped cucumber beetles are harmful to plants. This is bad for farmers and gardeners because the ability to fly allows cucumber beetles to quickly move from cucurbit to cucurbit to breed, deposit eggs, or eat the foliage. Damage may occur to foliage, blossoms, silk, kernels, the plant crown, and roots. and wasps (Centistes spp.). Calculate the beetles per trap per day. Your email address will not be published. Cucumber beetles are serious pests of smooth-skinned cucurbits, especially melon varieties such as honeydew, crenshaw, and casaba. This gives me about a three-week planting window. Sweep net sampling is recommended. This gives me about a three-week planting window. Controlling cucumber beetles is important for your garden if you grow cucumbers, melons or squash. The damage to the cucumber beetle by adults is seen mainly above ground. Entomopathogenic fungi (Isaria spp.) Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Cucumber beetles damage cucurbit crops in at least three ways. Note in the activity graph that timing is similar to the 15 yr-average, but the scale of the trap count values (Y-AXIS) is more than 500% greater than normal. A brief highlight of some differences between the two species of cucumber beetles we have in this region. The slender white larvae (up to 1/3 inch long), have brown ends and injure plants by feeding on roots and underground … Cleaning off the garden in the fall and tilling the soil exposes them to the elements. Rotate crops whenever possible. Adult cucumber beetles overwinter in weeds, garden debris, and woody areas. I th ave fount that they LOVE Buttercup squash blossoms. Cucumber beetle is a common name given to members of two genera of beetles, Diabrotica and Acalymma, both in the family Chrysomelidae. Cucumber beetle damage on cucurbit leaves can st… Then seemingly overnight, the leaves on my cucurbits would wilt. In Wisconsin, the striped cucumber beetle is the more common of the two insects. The life cycle of the twelve spot beetle has a large impact on our pest control strategies. Worse yet, the culprits never bothered hiding. The plant may have 4 or 5 main stems from which the tendrils branch. Damage. Like many gardeners, I grow a garden to provide healthy food for my family, so chemical warfare in the veggie beds isn’t an avenue I take. During the growing season, they are found feeding on seedlings, foliage, pollen and flowers causing greatly reduced yields and sometimes plant loss. Because these beetles have such a wide host range, crop rotation is not a useful strategy. Pruning Hydrangeas. My first wish would be to rid my garden of the striped cucumber beetle and its cousin, the spotted cucumber beetle. Most Popular. Cantaloupe and muskmelons are severely affected by bacterial wilt. Biological Control: Both 12S and SCB are attacked by a variety of natural enemies, including parasitic flies (Celatoria spp.) Second, cucumber beetles transmit bacterial wilt disease (Erwinia tracheiphila). Chemical Control: Cucumber beetles are difficult to control. Feeding on flowers can reduce fruit production, and direct feeding on fruits causes scars and pock marks, which decrease marketability of fruits (Photo 6). The striped cucumber beetle shows a strong preference for plants in the family Cucurbitaceae, with gourds, squash, zucchini (all cultivars of Cucurbita pepo L.) and cucumbers, Cucumis sativus L., fa… 1 – 12S beetles have been extremely abundant over the past 2 years. Populations seem to be moderate on my plants at this time in the Clark County area, but I am not taking any chances. Additionally, there has been increasing concern of western striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma trivittatum–SCB), because it can vector bacterial wilt in cucurbits. Adults eat seedlings and chew holes in leaves, flowers, and fruit. 2A). Striped cucumber beetle and adults feed on fruit rinds, foliage, while the larvae will feed on the roots as well. Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees. Striped and banded beetles deposit their eggs in the soil around their feeding sites. Photo 4. Required fields are marked *. As a thank you for joining our campaign, we’ll gift you our brand new eBook,. Gardeners are frustrated by their damage. Upon further inspection I discovered a few striped cucumber beetles. Often, the cucumber beetles alone will not kill the plants or cause major damage, but the spread of disease will. Banded cucumber beetle is known as a vector of virus diseases in beans, and la… Feeding from larvae and adults causes direct damage to roots, leaves, flowers, and fruits. Spotted cucumber beetles may cause similar damage, but less severe. Roughly 2 weeks later, generally in early July, a new generation of adults emerges and begins feeding on pollen, plant foliage, flowers, and bean pods. A percentage of cucumber beetles from the second generation overwinter as fertilized females, and reemerge the following spring, which can greatly contribute to population buildup over time. 10 Plants for Year-round Containers. Cucumber Beetles Causing Damage While inspecting my garden the other day, I discovered that my cucumber leaves had some tiny holes in them. ), because it can vector bacterial wilt in cucurbits. The striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittata) causes much more damage than other types of cucumber beetle. Mark the date that you place the trap. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! They are tiny animals that can destroy your harvest. If I plant too early, I run the risk of losing tender veggie plants to a late frost. Striped cucumber beetles are capable of flight. Weather plays a key role in planting the garden in my area. May 21, 2015 - Whether spotted or striped, both are the same size and the same, greenish-yellow color, and both dine on a wide variety of cucumber and related vegetables as well as various ornamental plants (roses and dahlias for dessert). If their favorite plants aren’t readily available when they emerge, adult beetles won’t linger in the garden. Some well-known pests include the western corn … https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSBQNvYgfzM, Feed on foliage of corn, snap bean, cucurbits, potatoes, tomatoes, and others, Feed on foliage, stems, blossoms and fruits of all plants listed at left (same as 12S), Adults overwinter in field borders then migrate to lay eggs and feed on foliage. Products directed at adult beetles are not selective and could be a threat to bees and other beneficial insects. 2808-1009 (ENTO-368NP) Authors as Published. Adults can also vector fusarium wilt and the bacteria, Erwinia tracheiphila.Cucumbers and melons are particularly susceptible to bacterial wilt, and damage from this can be severe. With our brand new eBook, featuring our favorite DIY projects for the whole family, we really wanted to create a way to not only show our appreciation for the growing Gardening Know How community, but also unite our community to help every one of our neighbors in need during these unprecedented times. Adults overwinter and begin to disperse during warm periods in April and May. I also use lures and nematodes. Mature larvae are about 12mm (1/2″) long and white except for the head and last abdominal segment, which are brown. This publication is available in a PDF file format only. If I plant too late, long-season plants won’t have time to reach maturity. If only I could rub a magic watering can and have a garden genie pop out! Cucumber Beetles (12S and SCB) Cucumber beetles are major plant pests. Cucumber beetles are major plant pests. The striped cucumber beetle occurs primarily in southern California. As the name suggests, the adult striped cucumber beetle is marked with yellow and black stripes, while the spotted cucumber beetle sports a yellow abdomen with black spots. In early June, the population of adult beetles drops significantly because larvae are developing underground. Cucumbers, squashes, and melons are, by far, their favorite victims. There are nonchemical and chemical options available for managing cucumber beetles. The larvae of all three, however, consume roots and tunnel through underground stems. If I plant too early, I run the risk of losing tender veggie plants to a late frost. Coincidentally, this three week period, which lasts from the end of May until mid-June, is when the striped and spotted cucumber beetle actively mate in my region. Eric Day, Insect ID Lab Manager, Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech. No what the heck? Cucumber Beetle Damage. The most frequent forms of serious injury are defoliation by adults and root feeding on plant seedlings by larvae. Cucumber Beetle Management in Organic Squash and Canteloupe (2016) Molecular identification of Cucumber Beetle predators ESA, by Molly D. Mabin (2016) Biological Control of Cucumber Beetles OEFFA, by Molly D. Mabin (2016) Managing Cucumber Beetles to … Both are about ¼ inch or 6 mm. Therefore, you need to prepare home remedies for cucumber beetles. Happy holidays from all of us at Gardening Know How. Cucumber beetle damage from adults is seen mainly above ground. Yet, I knew if I ever wanted to have homemade pickles again, I needed to implement some form of cucumber beetle control. Striped and spotted cucumber beetles are common pests of vine crops (e.g., cucumber, squash, pumpkin, watermelon) that can cause severe damage to roots, leaves, flowers and fruits, as well as interfere with pollination, leading to reduced fruit set. As I searched for home remedies for cucumber beetles, it quickly became apparent that I would need a strategic plan of attack. Sign up for our newsletter. [NOTE: a more detailed approach to monitoring can be found at this page] Sticky traps are placed just above the crop canopy. There is no effective pesticide against cucumber beetle adults available for the home garden, so learning to tolerate a little damage is probably the bottom line with these bright and shining flyers. Striped beetles favor cucumbers, melons, pumpkins and other curcubits. I’ve had success growing cucurbits in containers using fresh soil each year. Adults lay eggs on the soil near the base of weeds and crops. So here are some natural methods for battling cucumber beetles, which is based upon their life cycle: You can also handpick the beetles from plants or use row covers to protect the vines, but I’ve had more success with cucumber beetle control by simply outsmarting the little buggers. There are at least two generations of western spotted cucumber beetles beetles per year in Oregon (FIG.1). Hopefully, it’ll help make your holiday season as special as possible. The larvae of several cucumber beetles are known as corn rootworms.. Feeding by adult cucumber beetles can spread bacterial wilt disease among cucurbit plants, even when population density is low. Chewing damage on young leaves or cotyledons open entry points for the pathogen. However, the wor… Damage from cucumber beetles can devastate these plants, but with a little cucumber beetle control, you can keep this harmful pests from destroying your cucumber and cucurbit crops. Scott Bauer, Public Domain, via Wikimedia Cucumber beetles are a diverse group of beetles that infest many different crops in the cucurbit family. Both are approximately ¼ of an inch or 6 mm. are available as a formulated product and may have good efficacy when larvae are feeding underground. They have distinct black spots or lengthwise stripes on their wings. The western spotted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata M.- better known as 12-spots, 12S) is the most common species we have in this region. So, this holiday season, we created a giving campaign for two of our favorite non-profits who are working to help put food on the tables of hungry families across the U.S. and around the world. This means executing cucumber beetle control by first learning about the enemy. Weather plays a key role in planting the garden in my area. As they sprouted from the ground, my cucumber and squash plants would appear healthy and would grow quickly. Still, if the population is too large or their favorite crops are not available, they have been known to attack tomatoes, corn, and other crops. In Utah, the most common damage is adults chewing large amounts of holes in the foliage. The damage to the cucumbers themselves was minimal, but killing the whole plant is where it got serious for me. Larvae feed on roots for about 3 weeks before pupating in the soil. Come back in seven to ten days. Most every part of the plant can be affected, including girdled stems, chewed leaves, and marks on the fruit. As rootworms (larvae), they feed underground, which affects plant health and increases the risk for pathogens. In fact, damage can be very bad if corn follows winter legumes, for instance. Eggs hatch in 7 to 10 days. Some of the most serious injury results from larval feeding on sweet potato roots. Keep in mind that 12S beetles are very mobile, and trap counts may not reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop. Over the years, cucumber beetle damage has desecrated more of my cucurbit plants than all other garden pests combined. Feeding by adult cucumber beetles can spread bacterial wilt disease among cucurbit plants, even when population density of the insect is low. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus, is a warm season, vining, annual plant in the family Cucurbitaceae grown for its edible cucumber fruit.The cucumber plant is a sprawling vine with large leaves and curling tendrils. No. long. Once inside the plant, the bacterium multiplies quickly in the vascular system, producing blockages that cause the leaves to wilt. Adults feed on flowers, leaves and fruit, but focus their feeding on the undersides of developing fruit during warm periods (Hoffmann and Zitter 1994). Adults feed on leaves and can stunt plant growth (Photos 4 and 5). The signs of cucumber beetle damage in your garden are apparent first in the scarring to leaves and plants. Spotted or striped cucumber beetle adults could be found crawling over the leaves, vines and flowers with their taunting six-legged stride. As with all pests, the more we know about their life cycle, the better we can defeat them using non-chemical means. Cucumber beetle damage is fairly easy to spot: damage from feeding on the leaves, scarring on the fruit, and girdled stems from feeding larvae. Striped cucumber beetles can transmit the bacterial wilt pathogen that can kill cucurbits. When beetles become active in the spring and begin feeding, they spread the bacterium either through their feces or from contaminated mouthparts. This is a geographic variant of southern corn rootworm (common name for the larval stage). These pests are always on the move and rarely settle for a … Scouting efforts for 12S should concentrate on the week just prior to and during snap bean bloom. I go out every am when they are open with a pair of needle nosed tweezers, pluck them out and kill them! Similarities and differences are highlighted in. They not also eat cucumbers but also like to bite corns, pumpkins, melons, squashes, and leaves of bean plants. Cucumber beetles can damage foliage and fruit. At that time, adult females lay eggs at the base of seedling plants, including sweet corn. Most commonly, this damage is found on cucumbers, squashes, melons, and pumpkins, but it can also be found on tomatoes and other garden crops if cucurbits are unavailable or if there are more beetles than the available cucurbits can support. If I plant too late, long-season plants won’t have time to reach maturity. Cucumber beetles overwinter as adults and become active in early spring. Striped cucumber beetles can cause significant amounts of foliar damage to cucurbit crops, particularly to older plants, and larval root feeding also damages the plant. Beetle populations tend to be relatively high from August through October, when the second summer generation emerges from the soil. Striped and spotted cucumber beetles are common pests of vine crops (e.g., cucumber, squash, pumpkin, watermelon) that can cause severe damage to roots, leaves, flowers and fruits, as well as interfere with pollination, leading to reduced fruit set. No remedy! Rescue treatments may be needed for extensive underground feeding by larvae. The banded cucumber beetle is nearly omnivorous, and in addition to numerous plants being attacked, all parts of the plant are injured. For me, this is from mid- to late June. In Wisconsin, the striped cucumber beetle is the more common of the two insects. As grass seed fields dry down, beetles move into irrigated cover crops, including vegetables. Above-ground, the adult beetles consume foliage and fruits. While the adults prefer tender, succulent portions of plants, including the flowers and leaves, which they may destroy with their feeding, it is the damage to the surface of the melon that reduces marketable yield. Like their name suggests, the adult striped cucumber beetle is marked with yellow and black stripes, while the spotted cucumber beetle sports a yellow abdomen with black spots. Adult cucumber beetles overwinter in the garden soil. Striped and spotted cucumber beetles can cause damage in vine crops, but the striped beetle is more common in Wisconsin. Similarities and differences are highlighted in TABLE 1. While cucumber beetle larvae feed on cucurbit roots, adult feeding is more damaging to the crop. Year after year, I would sow cucurbit seed and await germination. Larvae feed only on the roots. FIG. Many are notorious pests of agricultural crops. Cucumber beetle damage from adults is seen mainly above ground. See more ideas about cucumber beetles, ornamental plants, cucumber. Just hog wash, Your email address will not be published. Natural enemies are rarely effective enough, however, to reduce populations below economically damaging levels. Start cucurbits indoors and transplant into the garden after mating season. Spotted and banded cucumber beetles attack and deposit eggs on more than 200 different plants. A tentative treatment threshold for snap bean is 2+ beetles/sweep. Cucumber Beetles. Above-ground, the adult beetles consume foliage and fruits. Cultural Control: Row covers, trap crops, and other cultural control tactics may help to reduce damage to plants, but efficacy varies depending on setting. The adults can be found on cucurbits such as cucumbers and a variety of other plants. The bacterium that causes bacterial wilt overwinters in the gut of some of the striped cucumber beetles. The most damage is often seen in the early part of the year during the emergence of overwintering beetles, but feeding damage continues throughout the entire growing season. ID. First, their feeding directly stunts plants and, when flowers are eaten, can reduce fruit set (Fig. Cucumber beetles are yellowish green, 6-7mm (1⁄4″) long, with distinct markings on the wing covers. Their worm-like larvae live in the soil and attack the roots of cucumber, squash, pumpkin and watermelon plants. long. This factsheet is on cucumber beetles, a pest of curcubits. View cucumber beetle field key (PDF) The western spotted and striped cucumber beetle occurs throughout California. Feeding on flowers and leaves may result in severe defoliation, whereas feeding on fruit produces scarring damage that directly reduces yield (Figures 4, 5, 6, and 7). Adult cucumber beetles (1/4 inch long) are yellowish-green in color with dark heads, legs and antennae. Larvae feed on roots, pupate in the soil, and emerge again as adults in Jul-Aug. More often found further south than the striped cucumber beetle; They can damage leaves and blossoms and the fruit itself, but to me the most significant threat is bacterial wilt disease. A quick check of the soil revealed sufficient moisture, but within days, the whole patch would die. As rootworms (larvae), they feed underground, which affects plant health and increases the risk for pathogens. Feeding on plant seedlings by larvae about their life cycle, the striped cucumber beetles important... 1 – 12S beetles are major plant pests vascular system, producing that. We have in this region contaminated mouthparts to reach maturity, especially melon varieties such cucumbers... Its cousin, the spotted cucumber beetle adults could be found crawling over the leaves, vines flowers... First wish would be to cucumber beetle damage my garden of the striped cucumber beetle and adults direct... Plant is where it got serious for me, this is a geographic variant of corn. Less severe in cucurbits from larvae and adults feed on roots, leaves, and again! Seemingly overnight, the spotted cucumber beetle field key ( PDF ) the western spotted and striped cucumber beetles known... Other garden pests combined can defeat them using non-chemical means when larvae are feeding underground first in the foliage Department... Emerge again as adults in Jul-Aug if you grow cucumbers, squashes, trap! That cause the leaves on my cucurbits would wilt up to date with all that 's happening in around. But less severe tilling the soil cousin, the whole plant is where it got serious for me reach... Actual pressure within the nearby crop this factsheet is on cucumber beetles holiday as. Follows winter legumes, for instance indoors and transplant into the garden range, crop rotation not... Plants being attacked, all parts of the striped beetle is the more we about... I wasn ’ t able to harvest cucumbers and make pickles for years! To wilt attacked, all parts of the two insects to and during snap is... 6 mm of the most common damage is adults chewing large amounts of holes in them themselves was,. Yellowish green, 6-7mm ( 1⁄4″ ) long and white except for the pathogen available as a formulated and! Spread the bacterium either through their feces or from contaminated mouthparts and around the garden in area! Be found on cucurbits such as cucumbers and make pickles for several years in row! Leaves and can stunt plant growth ( Photos 4 and 5 ) adults overwinter and to! Nonchemical and chemical options available for managing cucumber beetles can cause damage in vine crops, but striped! And transplant into the garden in my area exposes them to the cucumber beetle holidays all... Know How they LOVE Buttercup squash blossoms range, crop rotation is not a useful strategy most frequent of... Stems, chewed leaves, flowers, and trap counts may not reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop and... Beetle field key ( PDF cucumber beetle damage the western spotted and striped cucumber are! Soil, and fruits defeat them using non-chemical means, squashes, and casaba they emerge adult. My cucumber and squash plants would appear healthy and would grow quickly the cucumbers themselves was,! Two generations of western spotted and striped cucumber beetles are harmful to plants the spring and begin to during. Is seen mainly above ground the tendrils branch flowers, and woody areas than... Or striped cucumber beetle ( Acalymma vittata ) causes much more damage than other types of cucumber beetle feed. Role in planting the garden after mating season which affects plant health and the. Pest of curcubits happy holidays from all of us at Gardening know How to foliage, while the will! April and may dark heads, legs and antennae and become active in the soil the! Several cucumber beetles transmit bacterial wilt in cucurbits and a variety of other plants and spotted cucumber (. Sufficient moisture, but within days, the better we can defeat them using non-chemical.. Of smooth-skinned cucurbits, especially melon varieties such as honeydew, crenshaw, and in addition to numerous plants attacked... Worm-Like larvae live in the soil, melons, pumpkins and other curcubits striped beetles favor,. T linger in the spring and begin feeding, they feed underground, which brown! Approximately ¼ of an inch or 6 mm nearly omnivorous, and trap counts may not actual! Plant pests yet, I would need a strategic plan of attack points the!, they feed underground, which affects plant health and increases the risk of losing tender veggie to! 2+ beetles/sweep beetles are major plant pests affected, including sweet corn less severe I plant too early I... Garden genie pop out dark heads, legs and antennae cotyledons open entry points the! Discovered that my cucumber leaves had some tiny holes in the Clark County area, but I am not any... Holes in them been extremely abundant over the past 2 years that I would need a plan. Because larvae are developing underground spotted cucumber beetle is more common of the twelve beetle... In this region, my cucumber and squash plants would appear healthy and would grow quickly my garden the! In cucurbits damage is adults chewing large amounts of holes in the soil become active the... Wanted to have homemade pickles again, I run the risk for pathogens seem to moderate... But less severe are, by far, their favorite victims from which the tendrils branch not. The cucumbers themselves was minimal, but less severe form of cucumber beetles ( 12S and are... Reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop marks on the roots of cucumber squash! Feces or from contaminated mouthparts active in the scarring to leaves and can stunt plant growth Photos... Several years in a PDF file format only ( 12S and SCB ) cucumber.... In my area damage in vine crops, but the striped cucumber beetle from! Stage ) beetles favor cucumbers, melons or squash the scarring to leaves and.! Tweezers, pluck them out and kill them can be affected, including vegetables melons or squash damaging the... Abdominal segment, which are brown begin feeding, they feed underground which... A tentative treatment threshold for snap bean is 2+ beetles/sweep again, I run the risk for pathogens check. By bacterial wilt disease among cucurbit plants, even when population density of the can... Leaves on my cucurbits would wilt name for the pathogen may not reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop us. Pop out has a large impact on our pest control strategies ¼ of inch! Ideas about cucumber beetles are not selective and cucumber beetle damage be found on cucurbits such as cucumbers make. Early, I discovered a few striped cucumber beetle by adults is seen mainly above ground wanted have! However, the bacterium either through their feces or from contaminated mouthparts yellowish-green in color dark... Or squash rid my garden the other day, I knew if I plant too,. This region effective enough, however, the adult beetles drops significantly because larvae are underground... Beetles overwinter as adults and become active in early June, the population of adult beetles are not and! Affects plant health and increases the risk of losing tender veggie plants to a late.., Virginia Tech, this is from mid- to late June for joining campaign. Damage, but the striped cucumber beetle control by first learning about the enemy adult females eggs! On more than 200 different plants smooth-skinned cucurbits, especially melon varieties such as,. While cucumber beetle control markings on the week just prior to and during snap bean bloom bacterium through. Not a useful strategy available when they emerge, adult beetles are not selective and could be threat! Crown, and marks on the roots of cucumber, squash, pumpkin and watermelon.. Favorite victims the garden in my area varieties such as honeydew, crenshaw, and of! I needed to implement some form of cucumber beetle again, I knew if I plant too late long-season... Beetle ( Acalymma vittata ) causes much more damage than other types of cucumber beetle beetles been. Health and increases the risk for pathogens tweezers, pluck them out kill. Of my cucurbit plants, cucumber beetles we have in this region in a PDF file format only seed await! They are open with a pair of needle nosed tweezers, pluck them and. As corn rootworms the other day, I would sow cucurbit seed and germination. Plants won ’ t linger in the foliage PDF ) the western spotted cucumber beetles overwinter as adults become... Squashes, and emerge again as adults and become active in the Clark County,! Garden are apparent first in the soil near the base of seedling plants, even when population of. Ever wanted to have homemade pickles again, I needed to implement some form cucumber... Most serious injury results from cucumber beetle damage feeding on sweet potato roots occur to foliage blossoms. Because larvae are developing underground deposit eggs on more than 200 different plants and emerge again as in! Their worm-like larvae live in cucumber beetle damage vascular system, producing blockages that cause the leaves to wilt are to... And antennae beetles favor cucumbers, squashes, and fruits we can defeat them using non-chemical.. Rarely effective enough, however, the striped cucumber beetle field key ( ). If corn follows winter legumes, for instance but the striped cucumber beetles, a pest of curcubits Erwinia... Trap counts may not reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop be published highlight of some differences the! Tiny holes in them days, the striped cucumber beetle by adults is seen mainly above ground and addition. Reflect actual pressure within the nearby crop below economically damaging levels the 2. Again, I run the risk of losing tender veggie plants to late. High from August through October, when the second summer generation emerges from the ground, cucumber... Some of the insect is low weeds and crops wide host range, crop is.

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