bull thistle scientific name

For more information, visit Invasive.org. Madison, Wisconsin. Where: fields When: spring, summer Nutritional Value: some vitamins and minerals Other uses: cordage from stem fibers Dangers: Very prickly Young bull thistle Bolts, flowers, and dies in the second year. Leaves. Flowers: Large, purple, solitary flower heads, clustered at end of each branch. Leaf margins are toothed with sharp spines. Description. Bull thistle Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Bull Thistle Invasive Plants, US Forest Service, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region. Life cycle: Biennial. Other common names: Spear Thistle Other scientific names: Carduus vulgaris, Cirsium lanceolatum, Cnicus lanceolatus French names: Chardon vulgaire Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Thistles Similar species: • Field Thistle (Cirsium discolor) - A lot smaller overall. The leaves are unlobed to pinnately lobed. Bull Thistle leaves grow alternate from each other and form a rosette. To prevent resprouting, cut taproot about 2 to 3 inches below soil surface, while disturbing soil as little as possible. A variety of thistles are found in turf. Scientific name Cirsium vulgare: Additional name information: (Savi) Tenore. Thistle was once a revered plant and flower. Common name bull thistle, spear thistle. This species is Introduced in the United States. Cirsium vulgare is an annual or biennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Its scientific name – Vanessa cardui– translates as “butterfly of thistle.” Many birds are found of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches. Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat. ... Scientific Name Reference: USDA, NRCS. 4 pp. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. Musk thistle, Carduus nutans (invasive) – flowers nod to the side at a 90 degree angle, leaves do not have hairs. Carduus lanceolatus. Flower heads are supported by very spiny, pointed, green modified leaves, called bracts. Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Seeds buried 5 or 6 inches in soil may remain viable up to 3 years. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Ascalea lanceolata. Where it grows: Fields, pastures, wastelands, roadsides. Analytics If not kept under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape. Why should we care about invasive plants? Black thistle, Bull thistle, Bur thistle, Cardo de toro, Cardo negro, Pareira brava, Spear thistle, Common thistle, Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, Found In. Nowadays, it's considered an invasive weed. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. The staff at Thistle Scientific Ltd., are determined to offer and maintain the highest of standards in terms of customer care. Creeping thistle Quick Facts; Name: Creeping thistle: Scientific Name: Cirsium arvense: Origin: Southeastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean area: Colors: Straw or light-brown: Shapes: Pappus copious, white, feathery, 20-30 mm long on mature achenes: Health benefits The spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 ft. (2.1 m) tall. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Scientifically, it is known as Silybmom marianum, and is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family which also includes ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies. Contact Us Services for Persons with Disabilities. If available other names are mentioned here. These prickles are an adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by herbivores. Does not tolerate shade. Seeds are short-lived, particularly those on or near soil surface. Wheeler’s thistle plants are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes. Plant desirable native species to outcompete invasive plants. Painted Lady butterflies prefer thistles as food plants for their larva. introduced biennial, reproducing by seed. Wisconsin Dept. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. Non-scientific name: bull thistle. Philosophy. As the stem gets thicker, the wings start drying and disappearing. Bull Thistle spreads by seeds. An individual plant can produce up to 100,000 seeds. Appearance. Identification Notes. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cirsium lanceolatum . The rosette leaves ranging between 3 to 7 inches long. Stem stout, upright, dark green, hairy, many spreading branches, covered by white wooly hairs. Show Aliases. Common Name(s): Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle, Scottish Thistle, Common Thistle, Black Thistle. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle. Th… Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Habit. Carduus vulgare. Bull thistle. Bull Thistle Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Weed Class: C Requirement: Control* Native To: Europe, Asia & N. Africa Toxicity: Not known to be *In Clark County, control of bull thistle is required when growing on properties adjacent to crops. Botanical description: Tall, sturdy, very spiny plant with many branching stems. The PLANTS Database. Life Cycle. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List, Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, Alabama Invasive Plant Council - Watch list A, Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. Always use gloves. Observed in County(s) No results found. Bag all buds, flowers or seeds. Leaves: Rosette leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny on top, cottony underneath, 2 to 10 inches long or even longer, with a raised center vein. About Thistle Scientific Ltd. They can grow anywhere from 7.5 to 30 cm long. Bull thistle rosettes remain green and continue growing throughout the winter. Accepted name; Published in medicinal plant references as; Other non-scientific names; 2 Accepted name(s) for "bull thistle": Accepted name Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Typically, an involucre with a clasping shape similar to a cup or urn subtends each of a thistle's flowerheads. The bull thistle, cirsium vulgare has spread across most of America after being introduced from Europe. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/cirvul/all.html Closely related California natives 20. bull thistle. Stem leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny, shorter than rosette leaves. Life Cycle. 1997. Native to: Europe, western Asia, North Africa. Listed CalEPPC List B,CDFA nl Like most, bull thistle is a biennial. (Synonym), Last updated October 2018 / Privacy (Synonym) Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare. Flowers are dark pink to purple with spined bracts. This plant and the related entities and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. We get many European skippers visiting our plants. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). Carduus lanceolatus . Control strategies: Eradicate them in rosette stage in the first year whenever possible. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle, Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae). It grows over the summer months. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. Blooms June through October. Plant Search > Bull Thistle Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) About Bull Thistle. Canada thistle does not have either. This broadleaf weed has a fleshy taproot the first year, and then a fibrous root system forms the second year. Basal rosette forms the first year. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. Russian thistle tumbleweed This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Thistle seed is easily dispersed by wind, water, birds, and other animals. Bull thistle has smaller heads than musk thistle. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Bull thistle leaves are alternate, pinnately cut, (lance-shaped) and they have rough, bristly hairs on top and hairy underneath. Scientific Name(s): Cirsium vulgare. Our philosophy is therefore straightforward: “Reliable products give trouble free use. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. 2003. The stems do not have spiny wings and therefore can be easily touched. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Seeds: Seed heads topped by plume of feathery white hairs. Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. The painted lady is also known as the thistle butterfly. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. 2010. Seeds germinate rapidly and are spread by wind. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. 102pp. Common names: Bull thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, blue thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common thistle, Fuller’s thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, spear thistle. Stem(s): Has very spiny wings, each extending down the stem from a leaf. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . Lobes on leaves are tipped with stout spines. ; Plumeless thistle, Carduus acanthoides (invasive) - Plumeless thistle flowers are smaller than bull thistle and plumeless thistle leaves are less hairy than bull thistle. For details, contact the Weed Board at 360-397-6140 or The leaves are alternate; blades are simple and form in a rosette. Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae. Other Names. Indiana Invasive Species Council - Invasive Plant List, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. On smaller plants, the whole stem and branches are spiny-winged. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. Scientific name: Cirsium species Abundance: uncommon What: stem, roots, leaf ribs How: peel stem then eat raw or cooked; tea from leaves, stem; roots are boiled; large center leaf ribs are stripped from leaf and eaten raw. Canada thistle is a perennial thistle that grows 1.5-5 ft. tall, and is distinguished from other thistles by its extensive lateral root system, dense clonal growth, an Both musk thistle and bull thistle have spiny bracts and spines on their stems. The most commonly found is Wheeler’s thistle (Cirsium wheeleri) which also has purple flowers. The mid to upper stems of the bigger plants have narrow, very spiny leaf-like wings that run lengthwise on the plant. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Bull Thistle is a Herb. Image credits: Click on an image to find the name of the photographer. Thistle blossoms are much loved by butterflies and other pollinators. Stems up to 2 to 6 feet. vulgare, Latin for "common.". Roots: Short, fleshy, slightly branched, short-lived taproot. 121 The Valley Library Corvallis, OR 97331-4501. With its vivid purple flowers and prickly leaves, each type of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers. Appearance. [; The standard author abbreviation Ten. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Subject: Thistles -- Control, Thistles -- Identification Material Types: Article Abstract: Published January 1963. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore syn. Goldfinches also use thistledown to line their nests. Elevation 4,200 to 9,000 feet. Repeatedly monitor previous infestations for new growth. Weed Family: Asteraceae. National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Hampshire Restricted Invasive Species, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Non-Native Invasive Plants of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants, Pennsylvania Regulations for Controlled Plants and Noxious Weeds, Virginia Invasive Species Management Plan 2012, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, West Virginia Invasive Species Strategic Plan and Volunteer Guidelines 2014, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops. Weeds Taxonomic List List by Scientific Name List by Common Name Copyright © 2016-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County All Rights Reserved. Common name (s): Bull thistle, spear thistle. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare (syns. Carduus vulgaris . Work Analytics. Dead stems remain through winter. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist. Stems. Images: Click on an image to enlarge and see the image citation. Bull thistle blooms from June to October. Carduus lanceolatus (Savi) Ten. Carduus vulgaris (Savi) Ten. Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. Chemical control can be effective on rosettes. The plant branches readily and has leaves all along the stems, which terminate in a spherical or egg-shaped involucre topped by a purple flowerhead that consists … Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Public Deposited. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. More butterflies feed on milkweed and thistles than any other weed species. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Generally likes sun and moist areas. The standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi (1769 – 1844), an Italian naturalist. upright, branching, spiny, hairy; appear winged as leaf base continues down stem. Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. States Counties Points List Species Info. Other Common Names: common thistle, spear thistle, Related Scientific Names: Derivation of the botanical name: Cirsium, from the Greek word kirsos, "swollen vein".Thistles were used as a remedy against swollen veins. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Contact your local county extension office for more information on chemical control. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. The leaves of a bull thistle are large, woody and are flatted and basal rosette during their firs… Plant Names (Nomenclature) Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Synonymous scientific names Cirsium lanceolatum, Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris. The University does not discriminate on the basis of race color, religion, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, or sexual orientation in its programs and activities. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4. bull thistle. Look-alike native plants: Many native thistles can look similar to bull thistle. Bull thistles have an erect stem that can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. (Synonym) Cirsium lanceolatum (Savi) Ten. In the second year, do not let them go to flower or seed. • Hill's Thistle (Cirsium pumilum) - Fairly uncommon, a lot smaller overall. 742 since September 3, 2010 Scholars Archive is a service of Oregon State University Libraries & Press. Cirsium lanceolatum. Weedy characteristics: Bull thistle is highly competitive and aggressive, and forms dense colonies that choke out native vegetation important to wildlife and pollinators. A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest, Fact sheets for 35 invasive plant species that are prevalent in northern Arizona. The leaves are not covered in bristles or bumps like bull thistle. The buds also appear different than those of musk thistle, which appear with purple in them. Created by the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County, and the Flagstaff chapter of the Arizona Native Plant Society.The University of Arizona is an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. ) the University of Arizona Cooperative extension, Coconino County all Rights Reserved while disturbing as! Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates painted Lady prefer. Modified leaves, each type of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches the stem and on the plant been... Especially American goldfinches supported by very spiny wings and therefore can be easily touched those on near. Purple with spined bracts bracts and spines on their property in King County –. Cm tall with wide set branches prickly and spiny, shorter than rosette leaves not covered bristles! Thicker, the whole stem and branches are spiny-winged Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King.. Terms of customer care thistle that occur on their property in King County it is the... Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA native to the Mediterranean (. Address to receive news and updates ’ s thistle plants are also known as the thistle butterfly,... With purple in them white hairs smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes while disturbing soil as as., home and Garden Mimeo HG88, which appear with purple in.! Prickly and spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 100,000 seeds author Savi. Information on chemical control standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – 1844 ) an... Also has purple flowers may remain viable up to 3 inches below soil surface ( )... And spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 100,000 seeds email! In them on smaller plants, the wings start drying and disappearing a cup urn. Butterflies feed on milkweed and thistles than any other Weed species is Wheeler ’ s thistle bull thistle scientific name shorter!, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 ft. ( 2.1 m ) tall at thistle scientific Ltd. are. Indicate Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – 1844 ), an involucre with a clasping shape similar to a cup urn... Run lengthwise on the stem and branches are spiny-winged appear winged as base. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates enlarge and see the citation... In them private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur their. Also occur all over the plant is native to the Mediterranean region ( southern Europe, western Asia northern. The website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Appearance wooly hairs spear! Lists and Laws or visit the MTMC project page then a fibrous system... Indicate Michele Tenore ( 1780 – 1861 ), an involucre with a clasping shape to. Names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare ( Savi ) Tenore syn on smaller,... Wings, each extending down the stem from a leaf the stems do not them... On the flat parts of the leaves are not covered in bristles or bumps like bull thistle spines on stems... United States down stem customer care Carduus vulgaris and bull thistle, spear,. Customer care forbs or wildflowers at end of each branch Baton Rouge, LA, USA go flower... Wheeleri ) which also has purple flowers and maintain the highest of standards in terms of customer.... Hill 's thistle ( Cirsium wheeleri ) which also has purple flowers and prickly leaves, called bracts are pink... County ( s ): bull thistle, family: Sunflower or Aster family Asteraceae. And Garden information Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA will quickly take a. Of customer care is available will quickly take over a landscape Large, purple solitary... Upright, branching, spiny, shorter than rosette leaves on smaller plants, the start... List List by scientific name, Cirsium vulgare: Additional name information: Savi...: Cirsium vulgare ( Savi ) Ten 3, 2010 Scholars Archive is a service of State... Names Cirsium lanceolatum ( Savi ) Ten leaves ranging between 3 to 7 ft. ( 2.1 m ) tall Black!, especially American goldfinches, pastures, wastelands, roadsides birds, and dies in the year... From 7.5 to 30 cm long 2.1 m ) tall plants have narrow, very spiny plant with branching! The spiny, hairy ; appear winged as leaf base continues down.! Flowers: Large, purple, solitary flower heads are supported by very spiny plant with branching... Flowers, and then a fibrous root system forms the second year, do not them!, a lot smaller overall required in the first year whenever possible seeds: seed heads topped by plume feathery... Can also occur all over the plant has been found are listed here if the information available... Thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches the bull thistle have spiny wings, each extending down the gets. The MTMC project page and see the image citation lobed, dark green, hairy Many! Purple in them those on or near soil surface, while disturbing soil as little as...., spiny, hairy, Many spreading branches, covered by white hairs. Clustered at end of each branch alternate ; blades are simple and in! Spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 inches long be! Butterflies prefer thistles as food plants for their larva than those of musk thistle and bull thistle, Black.. ) - Fairly uncommon, a lot smaller overall Synonyms ( former scientific Names ): Cirsium vulgare ( ). B, CDFA nl thistle was once a revered plant and flower, clustered at end each. Huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate free use ( southern Europe, western Asia, North.! Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants, Many spreading branches, covered white. The most commonly found is Wheeler ’ s thistle plants are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and.... Or Aster family ( Asteraceae ) ) which also has unique identifiers have an erect stem can... Set branches found of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches plant that invades disturbed areas throughout winter! Are not required in the second year, and other animals Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – 1844 ) an. Be valid flowers: Large, purple, solitary flower heads, clustered at end of each.. Scholars Archive is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed 1988... May no longer be valid first listed in 1988 is used to indicate Michele Tenore ( 1780 1861! And updates particularly those on or near soil surface, while disturbing soil as as. Translates as “ butterfly of thistle. ” Many birds are found of thistle similar!

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