It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. The colonial charter for Virginia defined its territory as extending to the north shore of the Ohio, so that the riverbed was "owned" by Virginia. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. There are many large tributaries that give the Ohio River its size. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. Use administration and navigation. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid continental and humid subtropical climate areas. The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. It shows elevation trends across the state. The Ohio River boatmen were the inspiration for performer Dan Emmett, who in 1843 wrote the song "The Boatman's Dance". Relief shown by hachures. Valleys of some abandoned rivers can still be seen on satellite and aerial images of the hills of Ohio and West Virginia between Marietta, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. [Map of the Ohio River from Fort Pitt. Louisville, Kentucky, The deepest point of the Ohio River is a scour hole just below Cannelton locks and dam (river mile 720.7). The Ohio River drains to the Mississippi River which flows to the Gulf of Mexico on the Atlantic Ocean. Cincinnati.. The movement of glaciers during the earliest ice ages the present day river drainages of the Kanawha, Sandy, Kentucky, Green, Cumberland and Tennessee rivers northward created the Ohio system and the course of early tributaries of the Ohio River, including the Monongahela and the Allegheny rivers, were set. It is the third largest river by discharge volume in the United States and the largest tributary by volume of the north-south flowing Mississippi River that divides the eastern from western United States. The At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, at the Ohio's confluence with the Tennessee River, it is ice-free year-round. Searchable listings of Ohio River hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. The name "Ohio" comes from the Seneca language (an Iroquoian language), Ohi:yo' (roughly pronounced oh-hee-yoh, with the vowel in "hee" held longer), a proper name derived from ohiːyoːh ("good river"), therefore literally translating to "Good River". This Ohio River map begins in Pittsburgh, PA (where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers meet) and ends at Cairo IL. Before there were cities, there were colonial forts. The Ohio River forms its border with West Virginia in the southeast and Kentucky in the south. The Ohio's drainage basin covers 189,422 square miles (490,600 km2), encompassing the easternmost regions of the Mississippi Basin. The river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, and thus part of the border between free and slave territory, and between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. Its waters connected communities. The Commission found that 92% of toxic discharges were nitrates, including farm runoff and waste water from industrial processes like steel production. A new route was carved to the Mississippi. The Allegheny River, left, and Monongahela River join to form the Ohio River at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the largest metropolitan area on the river. ohio map with counties. Rhonda Belford, Chairman Ohio River Scenic Byway PO Box 746 Rosiclare, Illinois 62982-0746 The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. Ohio has approximately 29,113 miles of river, of which 212.9 miles are designated as wild & scenicâless than 1% of the state's river miles. Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indiana, on the Ohio River opened about the same time. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. , An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was also applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe). Also covers Louisville (Ky.) and vicinity. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville.  More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. Other states had to limit their cruises to going forwards, then reversing and going backwards on the Indiana shore only. This appeased the British subjects of Canada, but angered the colonists of the Thirteen Colonies. Before the river was created, large parts of North America were covered by water forming a saltwater lake about 200 miles across and 400 miles in length. Brown, sediment-laden water flowing generally northeast to south from the Ohio River is distinct from the green and relatively sediment-poor water of the Mississippi River (flowing northwest to south). Historic architecture along the way retains a charm â¦ The Ohio River Scenic Byway in Indiana is comprised of the following segments totaling 302.38 miles. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. Carl Perkins Bridge in Portsmouth, Ohio with Ohio River and Scioto River tributary on right. Beaver Falls, PA 15010.  The Ohio River flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River so hydrologically, the Ohio River is the main stream of the river system.  Before and during the Civil War, the Ohio River was called the "River Jordan" by slaves crossing it to escape to freedom in the North via the Underground Railroad. River Mist Marina 58.1 Bo's Lighthouse & Marina Mile marker 58.1 RDB Toronto, OH Skipper Haven Yacht Club 60.2 Steubenville Marina Mile marker 66.3 RDB Steubenville, OH Pier 12 Marina 74.5 E-Z Pool Marina 77.4 Rayland Marina Mile marker 81.5 RDB No joke, it probably is, the best marina on upper third of the Ohio River. Prior to that event, the north-flowing Steubenville River (no longer in existence) ended between New Martinsville and Paden City, West Virginia. The state park features an architecturally intriguing Interpretive Center that reflects the layers of history at the Falls of the Ohio. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: the increasing size of steamships and barges on the river meant that the outdated locks could only service the smallest vessels until well after the Civil War. Thus Wheeling Island, the largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore. The largest tributaries of the Ohio by discharge volume are: By drainage basin area, the largest tributaries are:, The largest tributaries by length are:, Major tributaries of the river, in order from the head to the mouth of the Ohio, include:. There, some continued on up the Missouri River, some up the Mississippi, and some farther west over land routes. The Commission also noted mercury pollution as an ongoing concern, citing a 500% increase in mercury discharges between 2007 and 2013. Detailed topographic maps and aerial photos of Ohio are available in the Geology.com store. From a geological standpoint, the Ohio River is young. The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the United States, based on 2009 and 2010 data, although the more industrial and regional West Virginia/Pennsylvania tributary, the Monongahela River, ranked behind 16 other American rivers for water pollution at number 17. Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. , The Ohio River is heavily industrialized and populated and sees traffic from large barge cargoes carrying oil, steel and other industrial goods. The Ohio River is a 981 miles long river that is found within the region of Laurentia in the US. It is considered to separate Midwestern Great Lakes states from the Upper South states, which were historically border states in the Civil War. The valley grew during and following the ice age. Use our easy Lodging Search to find exactly the type of accommodation you are looking for at the right price. The floodwaters enlarged the small Marietta valley to a size more typical of a large river. "Good River". The Ohio River at Cairo is 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s); and the Mississippi River at Thebes, Illinois, which is upstream of the confluence, is 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s). Includes notes on the width of â¦ The south-flowing Marietta River (no longer in existence) ended between the present-day cities. From Louisville, the river loses depth very gradually until its confluence with the Mississippi at Cairo, Illinois, where it has an approximate depth of 19 feet (6 m).  In his original draft of the Land Ordinance of 1784, Thomas Jefferson proposed a new state called "Pelisipia", to the south of the Ohio River, which would have included parts of present-day Eastern Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia.. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. The Ohio River becomes a tributary of the Mississippi River directly south of Cairo, Illinois, a small city on the spit of land where the rivers converge. Click on the yellow port icons for more information on that port. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico. There are hundreds of other cities, towns, villages and unincorporated populated places on the river, most of them very small. Less than 2 miles above Download ORWT Cover Page (PDF) Download ORWT Map Page (PDF) Hard copies are available from the Beaver County Recreation & Tourism Office. Direct water travel the length of the river is obstructed by the Falls of the Ohio just below Louisville, Kentucky. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=992699239, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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