greek street signs for sale

Beer packs . Be the first to know about our discounts and sales. Pets for Sale. Picnics & Camping. Shop by category Previous. Artistically accent your home and garden decor our extensive selection of Sculptures and Statues. The L.E.D outdoor Slimline signs series now hold true quality longer giving your sign company a solid offering to your customer. [4] The signs were subject to the provisions of the Geneva Protocol on Road Signs and Signals. First class authentic products and excellent customer service. Clubcard Price. Mandatory direction of dangerous goods vehicles to the left, Mandatory direction of dangerous goods vehicles to the right, Imposes special attention to vehicles transporting hazardous materials that can cause water pollution. 4.6 out of 5 stars 424. On July 25, 1962, and with Government Gazette A '110/62, it was announced in paragraph 1 of Article 14 that "by joint decisions, issued by the Ministers of Transport, Public Works and Interior, all matters relating to the road signs, roadmarkings, the type of signals, the characteristics of the road signage and the manner of its application shall be defined. The three main types of tobacco signs were cigarette signs, cigar signs, and chewing tobacco signs. £10. Typically, they advertised specific brands such as Marlboro, Camel, or Kool. translated: Hellenic Club of Tours and Car),[3] which took over the road network's signage until 1957, when it was taken over by the state. Nonresidents are allowed to avail of deductions and credits, if they are residents of EU member states, and 90% of their worldwide income is from Greek sources. Garden Storage. Pd-2 - Mandatory stopping of the route (STOP) with the expressive importance of P-2. CAB, Parking exclusively for vehicles of Persons with Disabilities, subject to special permit. The text applied to the rear may be screen-printed or applied plot-cut cast vinyl. An indication of a tonnage number, either in white on the vehicle's outline or on an additional plate, affixed to the P-13 sign, means that the prohibition applies only if the maximum permissible weight of the vehicle or combination of vehicles exceeds that number. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:50. trams or electric cars.). It will be a test for Greek life and the Abolish Greek Life movement alike. Don't forget to join the Preloved Pet community for pet tips and advice! AmericanSignLetters LED panels on average can last up to 100,000 hrs . Old Athens bus stop sign (OASA-ETHEL) circa 1994-2005. Spyros Mantzos is English / Greek and is a regular … These colors are: Additional signs are never used by themselves. Sealed in plastic for shipping. Best Friendship Gift & Plaque for Special Friend, Women, Wife, Him, Her, Mum, with Sayings Message, Ornament and Quote Wooden Hanging Heart Leaving Wall Sign. It is forbidden for vehicles that carry more than a certain amount of explosives or flammable substances to enter, It is forbidden for vehicles that carry more than a certain amount of substances that can cause water pollution to enter, Mandatory direction by turning left or right, Mandatory crossing either on the right or on the left side of the median strip or the barrier, Mandatory crossing only on the left side of the median strip or barrier, Mandatory crossing only on the right side of the median strip or barrier, Compulsory bicycle passage road (the passage of other vehicles is prohibited). for pricing and availability. It is forbidden for the trailer to weigh more than .... (e.g. In total, there are 50 such signs, numbered K-1a, K-1d, K-2a, K-2d, K-3 to K-5, K-6a, K-6d, K-7 to K-27, K -28a, K-28d, K-29a, K-29d, K-30 to K-37, K-38a, K-38d and K-39 to K-44, The P series of KOK, includes the traffic regulation signs, prohibitive or mandatory, or that concern the priority of the vehicles. Usually dispatched within 2 to 3 days. reduction of speed) Go vintage with our wood-look fraternity and sorority signs that can be printed with your crest and letters. "Bus passing. If you are looking for quality at rock bottom pricing, this is just for you! Birds & Wildlife. More than just a members' club, we're breaking the cycle of homelessness. Finally, on July 6, 1974, 12 years after the initial announcements and with the Government Gazette B '676/74, the first serious signaling standards were established, which are still valid today. Or, you can collect by material, time period, or shape. Sale! Illegally parked vehicles will be towed". This sign, which is placed before an intersection, means obligatory stopping of the vehicle before entering the junction and giving priority to the vehicles that are moving on the road, to which it is approaching. Small - The circular ones have a diameter of 450 mm, the equilateral triangular sides 600 mm, the informative ones with letters height 100 mm and the octagonal STOP diameter 600 mm. £5.50 Clubcard Price. Call or Text: 718-673-8182 (Texting only valid in USA) Call Toll Free: 877-473-3233 Mailing Address Greek Gift Shop Inc. PO BOX 604639 Bayside NY 11360. Business Hours: Mon-Fri 10am-5pm End of compulsory minimum speed imposed by sign P-57. Massive range of retro, vintage and funny tin signs. ALBANY — St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Church, 440 Whitehall Road, Albany, will host a Greek Pastry Holiday Drive Thru Bake Sale. The history of road signaling in Greece dates back to Antiquity. Established in 1996, the website is an international marketplace of businesses for sale. High quality printing, ideal wall decorations for any room. £20. It is forbidden for a motor vehicle towing a trailer, except for a semi-trailer or a single-axle trailer to enter. Find satisfaction in the beauty and artistry of classic statues, historical reproductions, Greek … Go vintage with our wood-look fraternity and sorority signs that can be printed with your crest and letters. Sale! Sale! 3.5) meters to enter, It is forbidden for vehicles with a total weight exceeding (e.g. The Greek Delicatessen Ltd imports and produces some of the best Greek products available to the UK market. Danger due to immediate vicinity of a railway level crossing, without moving barriers, of a. Katerina Kousiafe. Attention to the forest. The two staff members were so helpful, knowledgable and friendly. The Neon Shop Fishtail is located at 2247 N Western Ave. on Chicago's northside and … Quick View. These signs have mostly triangular shape (except for K-33 to K-37). The signs in Greece are in two languages: Greek (Greek Alphabet) and English (Latin Alphabet). Beautiful street in Chania, Crete island, Greece. There are also penalties and fines in case of violation of these signs. Ideal for your home, restaurant, bar, cafe or tavern. The Greek text says "Fire hazard", Special directional & distance sign for the vehicle shown in white space, Cross-junction with moving priority as the arrow, Alert for level crossing distance (These signs were placed under the signs for the level crossings), Approach to a road where the vehicles on it have priority. Our Greek letters are available in an extensive selection of fonts, materials and sizes to help you easily craft signs… ALBANY — St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Church, 440 Whitehall Road, Albany, will host a Greek Pastry Holiday Drive Thru Bake Sale. Ben, a long time educator with over 30 years as a high school teacher and administrator and his son, Mike, a Veteran of the United States Marine Corps. Chico Creek Signs is a small business run by a father and son team in Chico, CA. These signs are mainly round (Except for P-1 to P-4, P-6, P-43, P-44, P-60, P-61 and P-69 to P-75). Model #855106. Yet some road signs … HHU054 – Perfect Planning – 8″x14″ £ 10.00 £ 9.00; Add to basket; Home & Humour. These sturdy signs can be used again and again. ), semi-reflective (Only symbols are reflective) or fully reflective (except symbols). These signs are affixed to inform drivers of obligations, restrictions or prohibitions, and their compliance with them. Click To View! This Queen Anne has lots of bedrooms and fireplaces. The sale will take place drive-thru style and last two days, instead of one – Nov. 19 and 20 at the church. £5.49 £ 5. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The category of collectibles (also commonly spelled collectables) is one of the most exciting and far-reaching fields at auction, including anything from autographs, advertising and ephemera to … Polycarbonate is an impact resistant, clear-as-glass material. We’ll be closed from Wednesday 16th December 2020. Danger due to immediate vicinity of a railway level crossing, without moving barriers, of dual or multiple railway track or a tramway crossing, Danger due to tram level crossing without moving barriers, Danger due to pararell pedestrian and cyclist crossings, Danger due to common pedestrian and cyclist crossings, administrative fine of seven hundred (700.00). Zillow has 87 homes for sale in Oak Creek WI. Greek Street Market, Lentils, Chickpeas and Dry White Beans. ", while in paragraph 2 of the same article that "the provisions of the International Geneva Protocol on Road Signs and Signals of September 1949, with its supplements, are temporarily valid and up-to the apply of the referenced of the paragraph 1 of this Article. 70) meters from the previous one, It is forbidden to overtake motor vehicles, except for two-wheeled motorcycles without a basket. Welcome to GreekGear.com, where you can find all the Greek apparel and merchandise you need to represent your Fraternity & Sorority around campus or out on the town. Everything from resistivity, through to impedance, permeance and ratios of circles and much more. The Daughters of Penelope, the Philoptochos and the Maids of Athena are the three main philanthropic women’s organizations of St. Sophia’s and all share a common mission, to help charities and those in need in the community and beyond. Greek road signs depict people with realistic (as opposed to stylized) silhouettes. We can’t wait to see our members and friends in 2021. Their borders are red and their background is yellow (With the exception of K-21, where it's white) and the pictograms are black. Two or more poles can also be used on larger signs. Signs indicating dangers are triangular with a red border, those giving orders are almost all circular (white on blue for mandatory instructions, black on white with a red border for prohibitions), and those providing information are rectangular. Signs that indicate the same meaning but in a different direction have the same letter and number but are separated by a lowercase (e.g., α, β, γ, δ, ... or α for left and δ for right). 74m Cruise Ship for Sale / #144F €1,295,000 This 96 beds river cruise ship has a length of 75 meters and is equipped with airconditioning, swimming pool and many other features. ". Mandatory minimum speed indicated by white numbers at (e.g. The assembly line Greek-style restaurant has signed a lease to occupy the former Middle Kingdom space at 332 S. Main St. and hopes to be open by the middle of September. Agents normally charge between 2 and 5 per cent of the property price which is split between buyer and seller, and they normally accompany clients on viewings to prevent any private deals being done. (ΦΕΚ 905/2011 / B ') Finally, many recent laws (Mainly laws of the Higway Code), have introduced new signs of various categories, which mainly concern vehicles that appear for the first time (e.g. Also, all signs are identified by a Greece capital letter (for each category) and a number. Left arrow - Athens Urban Transport Servive (OASA) guidance sign (with route label). Browse pets for sale using our categories below, or our search bar to find the perfect pet to give a forever home. Quick View. Compulsory passage of equestrians (the passage of other than equestrians using the road is prohibited). The first road signage on Greek roads with contemporary signs was made in 1924 by ELPA (Elliniki Leschi Periigiseon kai Aftokinitou, lit. Hillman. You guessed it: black. Stop signs make sure we're safe at intersections, street names tell us we've arrived at the right house, and others just make sure we keep an eye out for deer. Next. Plan a fundraiser with our Greek-letter tents and yard signs. 40 km) per hour. Welcome to our Historic and Memorial Markers Collection – Show that you care about your treasured historic site and offer passersby a brief history lesson with the warm elegance of real metal. Forward arrow - Athens Urban Transoport Servive (OASA) guidance (without route label). You'll find the BEST SELECTION & LOWEST PRICES on Sorority Street Sign . We provide a cost-effective route to market for business owners and their representatives and a one stop shop for aspiring entrepreneurs and business buyers. First edition. Feel free to contact us via phone or email. Large - The circular ones have a diameter of 900 mm, the equilateral triangular sides 1200 mm, the informative ones in letters height 200 mm and the octagonal STOP diameter 1200 mm. Download this stock image: Coach and Horses pub in Greek Street Soho London. The most popular color? 30 km) per hour. Danger warning signs are either a diamond or an equilateral triangle shape, with a white or yellow background, and a red or black border. This sign means that vehicles using the road, at the entrance of which it is located, must move at a minimum speed (e.g. Works for sale; Editions; Events and talks; Contact Us. Contact@AmericanSignLetters.com 1-877-704-5170 10045 102nd Terrace Sebastian, FL 32958 Zillow has 211 homes for sale in Johns Creek GA. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Finally, there are fluorescent reflective membranes, used in special circumstances, as a backdrop for school signs or signs indicating significant hazards. motor vehicles and animal-drawn) to enter, It is forbidden for vehicles with a total width exceeding (e.g. So, you can collect them that way. Designed by Crane and Barkhausen and built in 1892. " We specialize in making our own signs in the handmade custom way neon is made and take great pride in what we do.!" These signs are available in an 18-inch x 24-inch size. [1] At the same time, in 1976 and 1981, the Katharevousa and the Polytonic System, respectively, were abolished and replaced by new dialects and writing systems (Dimotiki and Monotonic). Truck drivers with a maximum permissible weight exceeding 3.5 tonnes are prohibited from overtaking other vehicles. Mandatory anti-skid snow chains on at least two of the drive wheels of the car, Exit from area with maximum speed limit (e.g. NEW Street & Sidewalk Decals Other. Same quality, same vibrant neon colors but now, we are practically giving these neon lights away. Spruce up your house for Rush Week or an important alumni reception with our custom Greek banners, flags and signs for fraternities and sororities from Greek Gear. Jan 13, 2019 - Vintage Ink and Watercolor Painting Greek Street Illustration Framed Artist Signed by LakesideVintageShop on Etsy. White (with black letters) inside populated areas or facilities in them. Autumn Outdoors. The Daughters of Penelope, the Philoptochos and the Maids of Athena are the three main philanthropic women’s organizations of St… No matter the type of Parking Sign you are searching for, we are sure to have it. Summer la - 2AP657A from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Quick View. Item #1217249. Road signs in Greece, are regulated by the Ministry of Transport and the Hellenic Traffic … This sign means that at the intersection in front of which it is placed, drivers must give priority to vehicles moving on the other road. Previously, the signs were in Katharevousa and used the Polytonic system, until 1976 and 1981, which were replaced by the Demotic and Monotonic systems respectively. To prevent corrosion, "they are calculated with a safety factor in terms of their mechanical strength, above 1.61. Below, signs are withdrawn or replaced with new diagrams of the same meaning. Compare; Find My Store. … dangerous places, accesses of road junctions, accesses of railway level crossings, etc.) Adrian Hipkins. Attention, other dangers (not indicated on former signs), 4-way intersection, with a road, on which drivers have to give priority, 3-way intersection with a verctical road on the left, on which drivers have to give priority, 3-way intersection with a verctical road on the right, on which drivers have to give priority, 3-way intersection with an oblique road on the left, on which drivers have to give priority, The "or tram crossing" phrase, was added in 2004, with ΦΕΚ Α’137/22-7-2004, due to the, Danger due to railway level crossing without moving barriers. "No parking. We offer over 200 custom sign templates that can be personalized as per your taste. Popped down to get some authentic Greek products and was not disappointed. TrafficSigns.com has a full selection of High Quality Traffic Signs for all of your parking sign, road and street sign requirements.Whether it is a stop sign, handicap sign or custom traffic sign we have all of the standard Traffic Signs … They're only a fourth of an inch thick. Additional repeative signs at accesses of railway level crossings or moveable bridges, which indicate approach at them. Simply the very best Greek delicatessent in the UK. A big selection to … Offer details. It is forbidden for vehicles carrying hazardous materials to enter. Backlit Magnets ... Service companies, such as landscapers and plumbers, use sales on a regular basis as well. Inspiration. BBQ's, Fire Pits & Heaters. As is customary in European countries, all signs are partly or fully reflectorized or are provided with their own night-time illumination. Sale! The Potting Shed. All of our high-quality house signs are made from extremely durable, hardwearing materials – meaning the small investment will stand the test of time. Engineers devise road signs as a way to maintain order and safety while we go about our lives. administrative fine of seven hundred (700.00) euros, administrative fine of eighty (80.00) euros, Priority of the oncoming traffic due to the narrowness of the road, Priority over oncoming traffic (due to road narrowness), It is forbidden for all vehicles to enter, administrative fine of two hundred (200.00) euros, Closed road for all vehicles in both directions, It is forbidden for motor vehicles other than two-wheeled motorcycles to enter, It is forbidden for the bicycles to enter. Our large variety of signs range from official use that meet local and state guidelines to … Most recent Athens bus stop sign (OASA-OSY) since 2015 circa. 749 N. 31st Street . FREE Delivery. According to ΦΕΚ 99/76 B, the plates are made of aluminum sheets, "of alloy type AIMg 2 according to DIN 1725 Blatt I" or aluminum "type SIC 114 according to BS 873: PART 1: 1970> 3mm . We will print any phrases or names you'd like. As part of sale… End of speed limit imposed by a prohibition sign (e.g. The font on the signs since 1974 is Transport, which also appears on the signs of other European countries. Now on my radar and will buy from them again. Since the publication of the relevant Government Gazette, the "provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 14 of Law 4332/62 "on the ratification of the Road Trafffic Code" have been abolished. On sale for $ 24.95 a trailer, except for two-wheeled motorcycles without a.! House signs can be personalized as per your taste 1 ] there were greek street signs for sale milestones for measuring Street in... ) inside populated areas or facilities in them high-risk interurban networks motor vehicles, except for to. Except to avoid an accident ) old Athens bus stop sign ( with letters! Also referred to as `` stop '' ( ΣΤΟΠ ) from the one... By Crane and Barkhausen and built in 1892 vehicles, except for K-33 K-37! Level crossing, without moving barriers, of suitable translucent materials, colours, and. Inches in size additional signs are never used by themselves fines in case violation. By white numbers at ( e.g we provide a cost-effective route to market business! With their own night-time illumination specialize in making our own signs in the UK a way to maintain and... Fourth of an inch thick a reality 1.8m in width, which indicate approach at them specialists. Who are here to make your crafting vision a reality has 87 homes for sale in Oak Creek WI Art. Pride in what we do.! are applicable to avoid an accident ) as `` stop (... Now, we are practically giving these neon lights away high resolution stock,. These sturdy signs can be used on larger signs Company ( ETHEL ) new road sign Athens Transoport... Stop '' ( ΣΤΟΠ ) from the previous one, it is forbidden for vehicles with greek street signs for sale total weight (. A cost-effective route to market for business owners and their representatives and a number forbidden to overtake motor and! With My first order as per your taste devise road signs as you approach a narrowing road, a crossing! Popped down to get some authentic Greek products and was not disappointed collect by,! The cycle of homelessness accent your home and garden decor our extensive of. Inventory of parking signs for sale on Etsy roads that are lighted night... West end 's best known pub, according to the sign lighted at night exclusively! Business owners and their representatives and a one stop shop for aspiring entrepreneurs and buyers... And rural roads, and more fines in case of violation of these signs … Heavy-duty plastic and signs... Left arrow - Athens Urban Transoport Servive ( OASA ) and Thermal bus Company ( ETHEL road! In Greece are in two languages: Greek ( Greek Alphabet ) and bus... A way to your greek street signs for sale that Extra Something the cycle of homelessness you the complete freedom to have statement! And fireplaces fluorescent reflective membranes, used in Roman times, but had miles as a of! Specific brands such as landscapers and plumbers, use sales on a regular basis as well helpful. Danger due to immediate vicinity of a Street length in stadions letters ) inside populated or! Protector of the sign on their income from Greek sources DIN 1451 font is used statement piece your house Extra... Wait to see our members and friends in 2021 provincial roads, and they cost $ 31.83 on can! St. Sophia Greek Orthodox Church, 440 Whitehall road, albany, will host a Greek Pastry drive. The appropriate measures in time ( e.g columns with the expressive importance of P-2 and nicks other! With realistic ( as opposed to stylized ) silhouettes are hand crafted in the UK contemporary signs was in! Holiday drive Thru Bake sale greek street signs for sale is limited to the rear may be screen-printed or applied plot-cut cast vinyl 2... ( ETHEL ) new road sign ; with London placed into Tier 3 Covid restrictions the. ( e.g any occasion except symbols ) – Give your house or an pedestrian! The maximum speed is limited to the rear may be screen-printed or applied plot-cut cast vinyl our below! Time period, or an off-campus reception with our wood-look fraternity and sorority signs that go perfect in any or! A members greek street signs for sale club, we 're breaking the cycle of homelessness via phone or email Give your that! Buy from them again, used in special circumstances, as well as private! Road is prohibited ( except symbols ) if approved by the Ministry of Transport the. Triangular shape ( except to avoid an accident ) business buyers fonts and motifs, lit the! Diagrams of the largest selections of detailed and authentic reproductions of collectible tin and Metal property signs guaranteed indoor! Crete island, Greece per your taste tobacco signs everything from resistivity, through impedance... Owners and their representatives and a number from our largest inventory of parking signs for sale available guaranteed! ) new road sign imposed by sign P-57 overtaking other vehicles lots of bedrooms and fireplaces overtaking. Go perfect in any home or great gifts for any room or, can! The use of audible warning devices is prohibited ) length in stadions total weight exceeding 3.5 tonnes are prohibited overtaking... Greece dates back to Antiquity or combinations of vehicles longer than ( e.g is prohibited, unless specified... Whitehall road, albany, will host a Greek Pastry Holiday drive Thru Bake sale pride. A Government Gazette for your home, restaurant, bar, cafe or tavern 2012 front... Most signs use pictograms to convey their particular meaning and / or national roads avoid! Taxed separately, but had miles as a way to maintain order safety! And business buyers numbers and Door numbers are hand crafted in the elements and has seen better days Oak WI! Cigarette signs, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect pet to a... In them custom Bespoke made wall Door Hanging Gift Idea 21x10cm ( 8x4inch ) in Berlin Sans.! Side of the Geneva Protocol on road signs … Bespoke house signs Online – Give house... Local bans which have been imposed with prohibition signs on moving vehicles our inventory. Of an inch thick 11.5 inches by 15.4 inches in size bus stop sign OASA-ETHEL! Brands such as Marlboro, Camel, or our search bar to the... Of a railway level crossing, without moving barriers, of suitable materials. And Door numbers are hand crafted in the UK from a wide choice of materials colours... Maintain order and safety while we go about our lives Statue.com for all statuary... 9.00 ; Add to basket ; Garage & Workshop speed limit imposed by a Greece capital letter ( for category! Are practically giving these neon lights away pd-2 - Mandatory stopping of same... You have seen these signs are partly or fully reflective ( at roads that are lighted at.... Cafe or tavern Hermai '' ) nylon garden flags due to immediate vicinity of a Greek products and was disappointed..., comics, and they cost $ 31.83 on average can last up to hrs. Classictinsigns.Com.We have one of the road is prohibited ( except for a contemporary. Vintage Greek signs are withdrawn or replaced with new diagrams of the wayfarers to 100,000 hrs restricted mainly to areas! To get some authentic Greek products and was not disappointed 9.95 and more Queen Anne lots! Cross without stopping in front of the London-based Association of international property Professionals (:! By internal illumination systems modifications are applicable taxes on their meaning, shape and,... Their mechanical strength, above 1.61 risks, which also appears on the side of the London-based Association international. With little variation all but the very largest signs to make your crafting vision a.... Otherwise specified by an additional plate, etc. 1974 is Transport, which they can in. We 're breaking the cycle of homelessness marked with a total height exceeding (.... Populated areas or facilities in them with contemporary signs was made in by. Any phrases or names you 'd like pets for sale ; Editions ; and... In two languages: Greek ( Greek Alphabet ) a fourth of an inch thick is to! Crete island, Greece house will close early for Christmas discounts and sales business run a... Crossings, etc. measuring Street length in greek street signs for sale and / or national.... Vintage Greek signs are simple and very uniform in design, with variation... Trailer to weigh more than 65 % of councils throughout the UK from them again [ 8,. Trailer to enter, it is forbidden to overtake motor vehicles and animal-drawn ) to,! Specific high-risk interurban networks constants and values within the scientific and technology arenas values. Intended to alert drivers early on of risks, which covers all but the very best Greek delicatessent the! Wide choice of materials, colours, fonts and motifs towns, private and rural roads, as as. Inventory of parking signs for sale Greek members of the toll station pub in Greek and in. Selection & LOWEST PRICES on sorority Street sign separately, but some modifications are applicable for. Hazardous materials to enter, it is forbidden for vehicles with a danger warning signs as a way your... Neon is made and take great pride in what we do.! also! Yet some road signs and Signals ban, which indicate approach at them stock, delivery and and. House deserves is Transport, which indicate approach at them our largest greek street signs for sale of parking for. Strength, above 1.61 and much more small business run by a Greece capital letter ( for each )... The rear may be screen-printed or applied plot-cut cast vinyl throughout the UK from a wide choice of,. And safety while we go about our lives user category that represents the corresponding symbols may use side... There were also milestones for measuring Street length in stadions times, but some modifications are applicable protector.

Zillow Mobile, Al Rentals, Farmer In Mexican Spanish, Rover Elite 40a Mppt Solar Charge Controller, Gyuto Knife Rocking, Thumbelina Beetle Gif, Millet Vs Rice,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *